Wednesday, 30 November 2016


The Staff Selection Commission conducted an Open Competitive Examination at various centres across the country on 30-01-2016 for recruitment to the posts of Stenographer Grade ‘C’ & ‘D’ and 2,12,823 candidates appeared in the Written Examination held on 30- 01-2016. The result of the Written Examination was declared on 27-05-2016. On the basis of result of Written Examination, 4246 candidates were shortlisted for Skill Test in stenography for the post of Stenographer Grade ‘C’ and 30522 candidates were shortlisted for Skill Test for the post of Stenographer Grade ‘D’.


Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Allahabad High Court RO ARO Syllabus 2017 | AHC Exam Pattern and Preparation

AHC Selection Process :- There will be two stage selection process for the participants. Stage I will hold Objective Type Test and Stage II will hold Computer Knowledge Test. Final Merit List for the participants will be obtained by the candidates in the written examination Objective Type Test  and Computer Knowledge Test. Rest of the Allahabad High Court Exam Scheme is given below. Please read the whole article carefully.
01. Stage I & Stage II:-  In Stage 1 there will be 200 questions of 200 marks. Duration of Exam will be 150 minutes and there shall be no negative marking. In Stage II the grand total for this phase will be 50 marks. Duration of AHC Exam will be 15 minutes. Applicants will be given a text in English of approx. 500 words. Participants will be asked to reproduce (type) the same on the Computer and in same format .

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1 year gk..

Chola dynasty

The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BCE left by Ashoka, of the Maurya Empire. As one of the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century CE.
The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power from the later half of the 9th century till the beginning of the 13th century. The whole country south of the Tungabhadrawas united and held as one state for a period of two centuries and more. Under Rajaraja Chola I and his successors Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I the dynasty became a military, economic and cultural power in South Asia and South-East Asia.The power of the new empire was proclaimed to the eastern world by the expedition to the Ganges which Rajendra Chola I undertook and by the naval raids on cities of the maritime empire of Srivijaya, as well as by the repeated embassies to China. The Chola fleet represented the zenith of ancient Indian sea power.
During the period 1010–1200, the Chola territories stretched from the islands of the Maldives in the south to as far north as the banks of the Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh. Rajaraja Chola conquered peninsular South India, annexed parts of which is now Sri Lanka and occupied the islands of the Maldives. Rajendra Chola sent a victorious expedition to North India that touched the river Ganges and defeated the Pala ruler of Pataliputra, Mahipala. He also successfully invaded cities of Srivijaya of Malaysiaand Indonesia. The Chola dynasty went into decline at the beginning of the 13th century with the rise of the Pandyan Dynasty, which ultimately caused their downfall.
The Cholas left a lasting legacy. Their patronage of Tamil literature and their zeal in the building of temples has resulted in some great works of Tamil literature and architecture. The Chola kings were avid builders and envisioned the temples in their kingdoms not only as places of worship but also as centres of economic activity.They pioneered a centralised form of government and established a disciplined bureaucracy. The Chola school of art spread to Southeast Asia and influenced the architecture and art of Southeast Asia.


The Cholas are also known as the Choda.There is very little information available regarding their origin. Its antiquity is evident from the mentions in ancient Tamil literature and in inscriptions. Later medieval Cholas also claimed a long and ancient lineage. Mentions in the early Sangam literature (c. 150 CE) indicate that the earliest kings of the dynasty antedated 100 CE. Cholas were mentioned in Ashokan Edicts of 3rd Century BCE as one of the neighboring country existing in South.

Friday, 25 November 2016


The Commission has decided to declare the results of the following three Examinations tentatively as per the schedule given below:-
1. The final result of the Stenographers Grade ‘C’ & ‘D’ Examination-2015 would be declared by the Commission in the evening of 30th November 2016.
2. The result of the written examination of Stenographers Grade ‘C’ & ‘D’ Examination-2016 would be declared by the Commission in the evening of 1st December 2016.
3. The result of Combined Higher Secondary Level (Tier-II) Examination-2015 would be declared by the Commission in the evening of 2nd January 2017.


Wednesday, 23 November 2016



Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude-

Internal Security for UPSC-

Tuesday, 22 November 2016

Google (Art and Culture) Project as Woman in India: Unheard story..

Click here for source Link

यत्र नार्यस्तु पूज्यन्ते रमन्ते तत्र देवताः ।
यत्रैतास्तु न पूज्यन्ते सर्वास्तत्राफलाः क्रियाः ॥ 

yatra nāryastu pūjyante ramante tatra devatāḥ|
 yatraitāstu na pūjyante sarvāstatrāphalāḥ kriyāḥ ||

Woman play important part in Human like.Women are sister- mother-Bhabhi(elder bother"s Wife)
and Wife.Basically we workship Woman in  many forms so it is GREAT INITIATIVE by Google.
Google Blog will Give the Information about all Woman who made INDIA Proud.
so folks!!!!
for ex;
  • savitribai Phule
  • jahan Ara
  • tarabai shinde
  • Dr Rakhmabai
  • Sarojini nayudu


SSC Mathematics Chapterwise Solved Papers 1999-till date 7100+ Objective Questions -

SSC English Language Chapterwise Solved Papers 8800+ Objective Questions - English -

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Sunday, 20 November 2016

Tribes of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand


Formerly Uttaranchal. In accordance with The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Uttar Pradesh) Order, 1967 and as inserted by Act 29 of 2000.
  1. Bhotiya-  Uttarakhand Bhotiya are an ethno-linguistic group of people residing in the upper Himalayan valleys of the Kumaon and Garhwal divisions of Uttarakhand state, India and in Darchula district, Nepal. These include the Shaukas of Kumaon and Tolchhas and Marchhas of Garhwal. Their name, Bhotiya, derives from the word Bod (བོད་), which is the Classical Tibetan name for Tibet. Bhotiya is the name used by the Constitution of India, throughout Nepal and by most people of the area. The name Bhutia is also sometimes used, though it more commonly refers to the Sikkimese people
  2.  Bhoksa, also known as Buksa, are indigenous peoples living mainly in the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. They are mostly concentrated in Dehradun and Nainital districts in the Kumaon foothills of the outer Himalayas.They are also found in the Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh, where they are known as Mehra. Both communities have been granted Scheduled Tribe status.
  3. Jannsari The Jaunsar-Bawar region, is a tribal valley, spread over 1002 km² and 400 villages,[between 77.45' and 78.7'20" East to 30.31' and 31.3'3" North.It is defined in the east, by the river Yamuna and by river Tons in the west, the northern part comprises Uttarkashi district, and some parts of Himachal Pradesh, the Dehradun tehsil forms its southern periphery.Modes of livelihood in this region are agriculture and animal husbandry, which in the upper region is mostly for self-sustenance, as merely 10 percent of cultivated area is irrigated. Milk, wool and meat are an integral part of the local econom
  4. Raji- are a native endangered ethnic minority group, originating and living in Uttarakhand, India. They are distributed in the districts of Pithoragarh, Champawat and Udham Singh Nagar and in a small area confined to Western Nepal. They are the smallest Himalayan tribal group. They were also a special and important parts of Rajputs family... They are basically nomadic hunter-gatherers, but also work as agriculture and forest labourers. They are mainly dependent on forests, and also practice shifting cultivation. Their existence is threatened by developmental and wild life related projects. They were placed in forced settlements by the Government of India beginning in the 1980s.Many continue to move in semi-nomadic camps, but most are now settled into villages along the Mahakali (Kali) River area straddling 
  5. Tharu Smaller numbers of Tharu people reside in the adjacent Indian districts Champaran of Bihar state; Gorakhpur, Basti and Gonda of Uttar Pradesh state; and Nainital, Uttarakhand state. In 2001, Tharu people were the largest of five scheduled tribes in Uttarakhand, with a population of 256,129 accounting for 33.4% of all scheduled tribes. In the same year, they constituted 77.4% of the total tribal population of Uttar Pradesh with a population of 83,544.

Uttar Pradesh

In accordance with The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Uttar Pradesh) Order, 1967
  1. Bhotia ()
  2. Buksa
  3. Jaunsari    as above
  4. Raji
  5. Tharu


Dr Balasubramaniam was Great man .he never charged beyond 20 rupee so he was called as  '20 rupee DOCTOR'

 He lived in streets of Sidhapudur near Gandhipuram in Coimbatore .Sometimes 
he never charged poor man who did not have money.
Running a clinic in Sidhapudur, Dr Balasubramaniam, who passed away from a cardiac arrest on Friday, earned the moniker of “20-rupees doctor” because that was the maximum fee he charged from any of his patients. Hailing from Bodinayakanur in Theni district, Dr Balasubramaniam, set up clinics for the poor wherever his employment with the ESIC took him – in Theni, Chennimalai in Erode, and Coimbatore. He first started off charging his patients just Rs 2 for a consultation, slowly increasing it over the years by small amounts. Even until two years ago, he only asked his patients for a fee of Rs 10.

Wednesday, 16 November 2016

List of countries by GDP

This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their nominal gross domestic product (GDP) converted to dollars at market exchange rates. Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.GDP comparisons at market exchange rates also do not inherently adjust for changes in price levels when making comparisons at different points in time. When no such adjustment has been made, this is referred to as nominal GDP. When an adjustment has been made to convert to constant dollars (or other currency), it is referred to as real GDP.
Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power  (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes both the exchange rate problem and the price level problem, by making comparisons at a theoretical exchange rate based on the current prices for a given basket of goods purchased in each country. Comparisons using market exchange rates are generally considered good for examining international flows, or internationally traded goods, but PPP is considered better for the purpose of comparing overall well being

Tuesday, 15 November 2016

List of TOP 10 Countries by Foreign-Exchange Reserves

Foreign Exchange Reserves (also called Forex reserves) are, in a strict sense, only the foreign currencydeposits held by national central banks and monetary authorities (See List of countries by foreign exchange reserves (excluding gold)). However, in popular usage and in the list below, it also includes gold reserves,special drawing rights (SDRs) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserve position because this total figure, which is usually more accurately termed as official reserves or international reserves or official international reserves, is more readily available.

SSC CGLE 2016 Tier-I Marks released


Monday, 14 November 2016

UPSC Recruitment 2016 – Apply Online for CDS Combined Defence Services Examination (I) -2017

The candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. Mere issue of Admission Certificate to the candidate will not imply that his candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission. Verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents will be taken up only after the candidate has qualified for interview/Personality Test.
Candidates are required to apply online by using the website 
Brief instructions for filling up the online Application Form have been given in the Appendix-II. Detailed instructions are available on the above mentioned website.
The Online Applications can be filled upto 02nd December, 2016 till 6:00 PM after which the link will be disabled.


The sixteen Mahajanapadas are as follows:


 Its Capital was Banaras. Kasi was located on the confluence of Ganga and Gomti rivers and somewhere around today’s Varanasi.


Its capital was Shravasti. It was located in the Eastern Uttar Pradesh. It covers today’s districts Faizabad, Gonda, Bhahraich etc. and was bordered by River Gomti on the west, River Sadaniva in the east, Nepal hills in the north and River Syandika in the South.


 Its capital was Champa. It covered the modern districts of Munger and Bhagalpur in Bihar It was later annexed to Magadha by Bimbisar. Magadh was on its west and Raja Mahal hills on the west.

The initial capital of Magadha was Girivraja or Rajgriha. It covered the modern districts of Patna, Gaya, Shahabad of Bihar. It was bordered by River Son non North and Ganga on South. 

Vajji or Vriji 

Its capital was Vaishali. It was located on the north of River Ganga in Bihar. The seat of 8 smaller clans / kingdoms called “Athakula” out of which Lichhavais, Janatriks, Videhas were very important. It was separated from Kosala from river Gandak.


 Its capital was Kushinagar, Pawa. It covered the modern districts of Deoria, Basti, Gorakhpur in Eastern Uttar Pradesh.

 Chedi or Cheti:

It was located in the Bundelkhand division of Madhya Pradesh regions to the south of river Yamuna and along river Betwa or Vetravati. Its capital was Suktimati or Sotthivati located somewhere near Banda in Uttar Pradesh. 


 Its capital was Kausambi. It covered the modern districts of Allahabad and Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.


 Its capital was Indraprastha / Hastinapur / Isukara. It covered the modern Haryana & Delhi-Meerut-Ghaziabad region. Its eastern border was River Yamuna. 


Its capitals were Ahichhtra (Western Panchal) and Kampilya (eastern Panchala). It covered modern day Rohilkhand division & Upper Gangetic Plains of today’s Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand. 


 Its capital was Viratnagar. It was located in the Alwar, Bharatpur, Jaipur districts of Rajasthan. 


 Its capital was Mathura. It was located on the junction of Uttarpatha and Dakshinpatha around Mathura of Today. 


Its capital was Potali, Potana or Podana. Located on the banks of the Godavari River. Its capital was Potali, Potana or Podana, which now lies in the Nandura Tehsil, Buldana district in the Indian state of Maharashtra and it was the only Mahajanapada situated to the south of the Vindhya Range, and was in Dakshinapatha 


Its capital was Ujjain & Mahismati. Located on present day Malwa region. It was divided into two parts by the Vindhyas, the northern part had its capital at Ujjayini and the southern part had its centre at Mahishmati.


 Its capital was Taxila. Covered the regions between Kabul and Rawalipindi in North Western Provinces, Peshawar, the Potohar plateau and on the Kabul River.


 Its capital Rajpur. It was located around Hindukush mountains of Kashmir.

Sunday, 13 November 2016

CONS after banning of 500₹ and 1000₹ notes

  • People will rush to ATMs and Banks to exchange 500 and 1000 rupee notes. People will try to withdraw as much money in 100 rupee notes from ATMs. Even to withdraw Rs. 2000, they will transact for 5 times withdrawing Rs. 400 each time to avoid Rs. 500. That what happened on 9th November night after the declaration.
  • Many people, especially from the rural India, aren’t aware of the total fact. Suddenly they will realize that the 500 rupee note they are carrying is useless. If the village panchayat or administration could help them, then they might understand the scenario fully.
  • Extra cost to replace all the existing 500 and 1000 rupee notes: Printing new notes needs money. Declaring old notes as invalid and putting new notes into system will cost a good amount. The details are discussed in this link. Scrapping Rs500, Rs1000 notes a costly idea
  • People with low working class will be slightly affected: Generally people like plumber, maids, manual scavengers, electricians don’t have huge amount of 500 or 1000 rupee note. They only convert them to bigger notes when they have to carry out transaction in large sums and those are rare. Other than that, they get money after the end of month and that in 500s. These people aren’t aware with procedures of bank, mostly. Moreover, it’s not easy for them to not go to their job and spend times by standing on queues in banks.
  • India is not fully ready for cashless transaction: Regions like rural India, North East India, township areas, sub urban areas, etc aren’t modified enough to go for total cashless transactions. Many normal people of metropolitan cities too, are not fully computer literate and they are not fully accustomed with internet, or payTM, etc. Basically, a huge number of people are not accustomed with cashless transactions.
  • Ineffective for black money stored in other forms: Corrupt politicians like Jayalalitha don’t store black money as liquid cash. She converts them into gold. People like Amitabh Bacchan keep black money as foreign currencies in foreign banks. This decision can’t force them to surrender black money.
  • Opposition will misguide people to take political advantage: Due to short period of notice, many people aren’t aware of how to exchange the 500 and 1000 rupee note. Many people don’t even know that Hospitals, Air ticket booking counters, petrol pumps are accepting 500 and 1000 rupee note for 72 hours till 11th November. They will be easily misguided by other political parties for the upcoming UP election. On 9th November, I saw some interviews of common people taken by various news media. Some people appreciated the decision. Some were criticizing it with abusive words. A guy said- “I have 500 and 1000 rupee note. I need to purchase petrol but Petrol Pump isn’t accepting it”. An old man standing beside him said- “Government had said that petrol pumps and hospitals have been asked to accept 500 & 1000 rupee note till Nov 11”. The other guys started objecting by shouting so much that the old man couldn’t even complete his sentence. He was pushed back by them who were criticizing the decision. Basically these guys stopped the man from sharing some information and clearing people’s doubt.
Some points to know:
  • Government has given time from 10th Nov to 30th Dec to exchange 500 & 1000 rupee notes.
  • Till 11th Nov, petrol pumps, hospitals, air ticket counters will accept 500 & 1000 rupee notes.
  • No confirmation from RBI that new 2000 rupee notes has nano GPS chips.

How the ban on 500 and 1000 notes will help Indian economy ?

  • Many black money holders will be under radar: People who have black money are mostly in pithole. Either they have to go to banks to exchange their money into new forms of notes and get under the government radar. Else they forget the money because it will turn into useless paper soon.
  • Nullifying fake currency notes: As of April 29, 2016 fake notes worth Rs. 16.50 Lakh crore has been circulating in the country. Recent studies have suggested that fake notes of Rs. 70 crore are infused into the system every year and law enforcement are able to curb only one third of them. 90% of fake notes are released in bigger notes like 500 and 1000. So this step will nullify all the fake notes.
  • Decrease inflation: If I have black money or I have fake notes, I can even pay Rs. 600 for an item costing Rs. 500. This is because, this money is not my hard earned money and I have enough fake money. When a person purchase an item by giving extra money, this increases the cost of the money. Hence inflation increases. With this step, black money and fake notes will be nullified. Hence it will impose a check on price inflation.
  • National security will increase: A huge amount of black money is used in funding terrorism which is direct threat to the national security. This step will curb black money. Arms smuggling, terrorist activities, etc will be reduced. Hence activities like 26/11 or Uri attack will be reduced a lot due to lack of funding for terrorism. This will stop funding to Kashmiri separatists. This will also reduce the “pelting of stones” by Kashmiri kids and youths who are asked to throw stones for Rs. 100.
  • Reduce crime carried out by underworld: The black money and fake currencies are used by underworld and mafia too. From abduction to killing contract to a sharp shooter, black money is used to fund crime too.
  • Reduction in activities of Land mafia and real estate corruption: Black money are used by lot of people in real estate business. This hikes the price of real estate. This step would be beneficial in controlling inflation in property related transactions. Also, real estate sector would get institutionalized. When housing price would go down, this will force the demand of reviving the sluggish housing segment.
  • Reduction of inflation will be overall: Inflation are always overall. So reduction of inflation will be overall too including Higher studies and medical treatments.
  • Cashless transaction will be encouraged: The new limits on ATM withdrawals has been restricted to Rs 2,000 per day. Bank withdrawals have been limited to Rs 10,000 per day and Rs 20,000 per week. hence it will increase cashless transaction like online payment and card payments. Countries with more cashless transaction face very less fake note threats because most transactions are digitized. Since more transactions are digitized, they need less printed currency and low quality paper for currency notes. That’s why US dollars are of low and thinner paper quality and Indian rupee are better and thick paper quality comparatively. US spends less in printing currency notes than India.
    • Since cashless transaction will be encouraged, it will reduce the use of printed currency and hence reduce the use of fake notes.
    • Since cashless transactions are digitized, government will be able to keep track records.
  • Less use of currency note means less cost in printing currency notes.
  • Indian economy is hurt max by bogus currency which inflows from the cross border by Pakistan. We must be aware of the news that ISI somehow managed to get the ink and currency paper used for printing our notes and was supplying exact notes cross border which was difficult to differentiate from original notes. Definately Pakistan will take ages to print these new format notes.
  • All the unaccounted stacked black money mostly used by people in power is wiped out. These people don’t have the courage to get it exchanged or deposit in their account.
  • As per recent RBI revelation only 86.4 % of Rs 500 and 1000 notes were in circulation. This means the rest of about 13.6 % of these high value notes are stacked and not used. This amounts to 14 trillion ruppes. Government of India is directly going to gain this much of huge money.
  • The middlemen (agents) engaged in trades of household commodities use their cash power to reduce or shoot
    the prices by stacking the items of common commodities like onion, pulses etc. They are stripped now of their power and we may expect the black marketing of these commodities and price shoot will reduce.
  • This move will definitely cut-off the cash distribution to woo the public votes during recent election campaigns.

Friday, 11 November 2016

Recruitment Examination for the post of Assistant Review Officer in Allahabad High Court - APPLY ONLINE


CLICK HERE for DETAIL................... ..


Name of Post-  Assistant Review Officer
No. of Vacancies-66

Pay Scale -Pay Band II, Rs.9300-34800/- Grade Pay- Rs.4600/

Minimum Essential Qualification-   Bachelor’s Degree of a University established by law in India or qualification recognized as equivalent there to having required qualification  in computer science.


Important Notice - Combined Higher Secondary Level (10+2) Examination, 2016

Combined Higher Secondary Level (10+2) Examination-2016


Attention  of  candidates  is  invited    to  the  Notice  for  Combined  HigherSecondary   Level (10+2) Examination 2016 uploaded on the website of the Commissionon 08.10.2016.

2.        The Notice provides that the age limit  will be reckoned as on 01.01.2017.  This cut-off  date  is  based  on  th DoP&T's  instructions    contained  in  the  OM  No.
14017/70/87-Estt.(RR) dated 14.07.1988.

3.        A  number of representations   have been received by the Commission for relaxation in the cut off date to 01.08.2016.  Keeping in the view the interest of the candidates, the Competent Authority has approved the proposal to allow the candidates fulfilling the age criteria on 01.08.2016 to also apply in response to the SSC Notice for  Combined Higher Secondary  Level (10+2) Examination, 2016 in relaxation of DoP&T'sinstructions referred to above.

4.       In view of this, all candidates meeting the age criteria as on 01.08.2016 and alsoon 01.01.2017 are eligible to apply. Further instructions in this regard  will be followedshortly.

5.       The  Competent  Authority  has  also  approved  extending  the  last date  for receipt  of  on line  applications  for   Combined  Higher  Secondary  Level  (10+2) Examinations  by  14  days.  Now,   therefore,  the  last  date  of  receipt  of  online applications asfollows:

•   The. last date for filling up of online application is 25.11.2016 (5:00 P.M).

•   The  challan  generation  facility  for   CHSLE  2016  will  be  available  upto
23.11.2016  (5.00 P.M).

6.       This i one time  relaxation only.

7.         The other contentof  the Notice will remain unchanged.